Mr. Shane has over 30 years experience as a criminal defense attorney and a winning record. He will help you understand your rights.


Defense Tips for Suspects in a Criminal Case

CONSENT SEARCHES. You may be asked by a police officer to consent to the search of your person, home, or car. What should you do? Just say no. DO NOT sign a Consent to Search form. The police will make all kinds of dire threats to gain your consent to search, such as: (1) we will get a search warrant if you don't cooperate; (2) you will be  arrested; (3) we will bring in the narcotics detection [...]

December 13th, 2016|

Use of the Entrapment Defense in Minnesota

        In Minnesota, the entrapment defense may be used in a criminal case to combat government overreaching and obtain an acquittal. In order to prevail on the defense, a defendant  will need to establish by a "fair preponderance of the evidence" that the government induced him to commit the crime. Inducement occurs when the criminal design is conceived  in the mind of the government. Police will often  pressure,  badger, and lure a defendant  to [...]

December 12th, 2016|


Just when you thought your express mail package was safe from government intrusion, think again. Police at the Minneapolis/St. Paul airport are now free to remove any package from a conveyor belt and subject it to a sniff by a narcotics detection dog. This seeming violation of the Fourth Amendment is no longer considered an unreasonable search and seizure in Minnesota. If the package was shipped  from  California or Arizona, it may  appear suspicious to a police officer as these states are known a source [...]

October 12th, 2016|

Police Entrapment in Sex Sting Cases

How do the police set you up on a typical sex sting operation in Minnesota?  The police may start by placing an ad on Backpages which reads something like,  "Naughty Little Play Things." The ad will  list the girls ages at 18. A person who responds to this ad will   soon be entrapped by the police through the use of the age old "bait and switch" technique. How does it work? Well, the police start with the "bait" by  including a sensual [...]

September 8th, 2016|

How to Stay Out of Prison on a MN Drug Case

Are you charged with a controlled substance crime in Minnesota that calls for a prison commit? Are there no defenses in your case and you are about to give up all hope? Help is on the way. You just need to prove to an open-minded judge at the time of sentencing that you are "particularly amenable to treatment in a probationary setting." Your criminal defense attorney will need to file a motion for a dispositional departure from the presumptive [...]

April 3rd, 2016|

Minnesota Court of Appeals Declares Test Refusal Statute Unconstitutional

The Minnesota Court of Appeals  reversed the DWI conviction of a criminal defendant for refusing to submit to a urine test where police failed to obtain a search warrant. The Court held that  Minnesota's test-refusal statute is unconstitutional when applied to suspects who are charged with refusal to submit to either a warrantless blood or urine test. The defendant in the case, Ryan Thompson, was stopped by police after bar closing for erratic driving and failed both the [...]

December 29th, 2015|

Expungement of a 5th Degree Controlled Substance Crime in MN

So at one time in your past you  made a mistake; the police  caught you with a felony amount of marijuana,  cocaine, or methamphetamine.  You were charged  in Minnesota with the felony offense of  Controlled Substance Crime in the Fifth Degree. You may have been  convicted of the felony offense  or plea bargained the case down to a Stay of Adjudiction.  You  served your sentence and have been discharged from probation. Now What? If the case resulted in a conviction, the [...]

October 29th, 2015|

Can the Police use My Confession Against Me?

The answer to this question depends on whether or not your confession  was voluntary.  The Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment does not allow the prosecution to use  an involuntary confession  against you  at trial. When determining voluntariness, Minnesota courts look to see if the defendant's will was overborne at the time of the confession by the  police through the use of coercion or manipulation.  Other factors  considered by the courts include the defendant's age, maturity, intelligence, education and ability to understand. Courts also look at the length of [...]

October 13th, 2015|

Marijuana Grow House Defense in MN

I recently defended a client who was charged with operating a  marijuana  grow house. Drug Task Force agents executed a narcotics search warrant at his home and discovered  marijuana plants growing on all three levels. On the upper level of the home agents found 251 suspected  marijuana starter plants in a walk-in closet. The plants ranged between 1.5 and 5.5 inches tall. On the main level  agents discovered 70 suspected marijuana plants that were approximately 9 inches tall. In the basement agents found [...]

October 9th, 2015|

Anoka County Prostitution Sting

I recently defended two  clients in Anoka County who were charged with  misdemeanor  prostitution. The stakes were high as both clients had green cards and a conviction would  jeopardize their chances of becoming  U.S. citizens. The Coon Rapids Police Department designed an online ad to capture the attention of men interested in paying money for sex. The ad was  posted  on Back Pages and included the catch phrases  "Ring Tia's Bell"  and "I'm a freak between the sheets. " The ad even  required a promise that anyone [...]

August 23rd, 2015|

Charged with a Crime in MN while on the Delayed Entry Program?

Don't give up. You can still ship out on time with the right criminal defense strategy. The secret here is to study the regulations for your branch of the armed services and determine  what crimes will trigger the need for a "waiver" from your commanding officer. You do not want to be convicted of a crime that requires a waiver as you  may not qualify for  a waiver and your dream of serving your country will come to a screeching [...]

May 2nd, 2015|

The Role of the Confidential Informant in a Controlled Drug Buy

The informant plays a valuable role in a successful Minnesota drug bust. The informant could be a first time citizen informant with no criminal history performing his civic duty. This type of informant is presumed by the courts to be reliable. The informant could be a confidential informant known as a CI who has connections to the criminal underworld. This informant is not presumed to be reliable and  is often either paid by the police for his information or has been promised a favorable [...]

March 29th, 2015|

Police Serve a Void Search Warrant

  I recently represented a client who was charged in Anoka County District Court with 5th Degree Controlled Substance crime. Police officers executed a search warrant at the defendant’s residence eleven days after the warrant was issued by the court. Officers located a felony amount of marijuana in his bedroom. The law in Minnesota regarding the execution and return of search warrants is found in Minn. Stat. §626.15(a) which provides as follows: “Except as provided in paragraph [...]

January 16th, 2015|

Computer Search Warrants in Minnesota

Let's say that as a part of an ongoing investigation into suspected drug dealing, the police have obtained a search warrant for your computer. The search warrant gives the Minnesota Bureau of Criminal Apprehension permission to search your computer for "photographs, internet searches, communications including but not limited to emails, videos, stored data, and any and all data on a hard drive." During the course of the search, the investigator discovers evidence of an unrelated crime such [...]

January 7th, 2015|

Free Yourself from your Past with an Expungement

You are now able to petition the court to expunge from your record petty misdemeanor convictions, misdemeanor and gross misdemeanor convictions, and certain felony convictions. The expungement law in Minnesota has been amended to allow for a more complete remedy. Now you can seal from public view not only the courthouse file containing all the dreaded facts regarding your criminal case, but all records maintained by the arresting agency and the BCA! The new statute imposes a mandatory waiting [...]

October 31st, 2014|

Sex Trafficking Law in Minnesota

Sex trafficking is a serious felony offense under Minnesota law and is as: (a) receiving, recruiting, enticing, harboring, providing, or obtaining by any means an individual to aid in the prostitution of the individual; or (2) receiving profit or anything of value, knowing or having reason to know it is derived from an act described in clause (1). First Degree Sex Trafficking crime involves a person who, acting other than as a john or a prostitute, intentionally [...]

September 20th, 2014|

Mortgage Fraud Defense

Mortgage fraud is a complex white collar crime and can involve obtaining mortgage loan proceeds by perpetrating such crimes as identity theft, forgeries, bank fraud, wire fraud, theft by swindle and racketeering. Oftentimes, fake identity documents are created for a straw buyer who is paid for his role in the scheme. The documents may falsely state his identity, income and liabilities in order to qualify for a mortgage loan. False identity documents are then passed along to [...]

September 6th, 2014|

How to Get Less Prison Time in a Minnesota Criminal Case

It is possible to reduce the amount of time you will spend in prison. You will need the right set of facts and circumstances to reach this goal. The Minnesota Sentencing Guidelines establish the presumptive prison sentence in every serious felony case. The determination of the sentence is based on the severity level of the offense and your criminal history score. In order to avoid a presumptive prison sentence, a Minnesota criminal defense attorney will need to [...]

August 9th, 2014|

The Consent Defense in a Rape Case

Depending on how the case is charged out by the prosecution, the defense of consent may be available to criminal defendants charged with rape. Consent is defined under Minnesota law as a person's words or overt actions that indicate a freely given present agreement to perform a particular sexual act. Consent does not exist simply because of a prior or current social relationship between a defendant and the alleged victim. Consent also does not exist where the [...]

July 25th, 2014|

Minnesota’s New Expungement Law

Coming soon to a courthouse near you is a way to seal your criminal past. We have all made mistakes and fallen into trouble with the law. Now you have a chance to keep your future employer, landlord, friend, or relative from finding out about a prior conviction. On January 1, 2015, a new expungement law goes into effect in Minnesota. Under certain circumstances, you may qualify to file a petition to seal all records relating to [...]

July 8th, 2014|

When Can Police Enter Your Home Without a Warrant?

Police may only enter your home without a warrant if you give them consent to enter or when they have probable cause to believe a crime has been committed and exigent circumstances exist.The Fourth Amendment protects all citizens against unreasonable searches by the government of "persons, houses, papers and effects." The presence of exigent circumstances can justify a warrantless entry of your home only when police are in hot pursuit, or there is danger to human life [...]

May 25th, 2014|

When can I be Charged with Conspiracty to Sell Marijuana?

In order for a person to be charged with the crime of conspiracy to sell marijuana in Minnesota, the state must be able to establish probable cause to believe that there was (1) an agreement between two or more people to sell marijuana to a third person; and (2) an overt act in furtherance of the conspiracy. Let's say for example Mr. Jones is a drug dealer who receives a call from Mr. Smith who wants to [...]

April 27th, 2014|

Restore Your Gun Rights Now

If you have been convicted of a crime of violence, Minnesota law prohibits you from shipping, transporting, possessing, or receiving a firearm. This law has a devastating effect on the rights of all Minnesota hunters who have made a mistake at some point in their past but have since become law abiding citizens. A crime of violence includes felony convictions for offenses such as murder, kidnapping, assault, and criminal sexual conduct. A person who violates the statute [...]

March 15th, 2014|

Felon in Possession of a Firearm

It's a crime in Minnesota for a person convicted of a felony to possess a firearm. See Minn. Stat. Sec. 624.713. Before the state can obtain a conviction, it will need to prove the defendant is a person who is ineligible to possess a firearm. An experienced criminal defense attorney will advise his client to stipulate to this fact in order keep the jury from learning about the defendant's negative past. Secondly, the state must prove that [...]

March 8th, 2014|

When Can Police Ask for Consent to Search Your Car for Drugs?

The scope of a police investigation must be limited to the original purpose for the traffic stop. If you were stopped for a burned out tail light or for speeding, the scope of the police investigation must be limited to the original purpose for the stop. The officer can only ask you related questions such as, "How fast were you driving?" or "Did you know your tail light was burned out?" That's it. The scope of the [...]

March 2nd, 2014|


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